Gwadar is a port city on the south western Arabian Sea coastline of Pakistan in Balochistan province. It is the district head quarters of Gwadar district. The Pakistan Government annexed Gwadar into Balochistan province on the 1st of July, 1977 as district head quarters of a newly formed Gwadar district and as the winter capital of Balochistan province in 2011.
The population of district, Gwadar is 235000 and it covers an area of 15210 sq km. Its coastline stretches for approximately 600 km. District Gwadar consists of four Tehsil i.e. Jiwani, Pasni, and Ormara.
History & Location
In 1983, the Khan of Kalat granted sovereignty over Gwadar to Taimor Sultan, the defeated ruler of Muscat. When the Sultan subsequently regained Muscat, he was to continue his rule in Gwadar by appointing a Governor. On 8th September, 1958, Pakistan purchased the Gwadar enclave from Oman; Gwadar officially became part of Pakistan on the 8th of December, 1958.
Gwadar is strategically located at the apex of the Arabian Sea and at the mouth of the Persian Gulf. District Gwadar boundary touches Awaran and Lasbella on the east, Iran on the west, Arabian Sea on the south and District Kech on the north.
Gwadar is 0-300 meters above sea level, is mainly dry, arid and hot, the oceanic influence keeps the temperature lower in summer and higher in winter. As compared to the inland in Gwadar, winters are shorter than summers. The climate of Gwadar is semi-arid with hot summers with maximum temperature of 35 Celsius and its temperature falls up to 13 Celsius during the month of January and February.
Gwadar's Economy has, in the past been dependant mostly on fishing but now its economy is changing as Gwadar is slowly transforming into a major port city.